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Barbara Jacak, ARCS Scholar Alum
Nuclear Science Division at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Fittingly for a self-confessed “nerd from an early age,” Dr. Barbara Jacak is now a senior scientist in the Nuclear Science Division at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) after serving as director of the division for six years. Also a physics professor at University of California Berkeley, Jacak says, “The most interesting questions in science are how do things work? How does the universe work? Why is it expanding?”
Her research has focused on quark gluon plasma, a so-called subatomic mix that contains the building blocks of visible matter and mimics conditions believed to exist in the early universe. The plasma can be formed in particle collider experiments in ultra-high temperatures (trillions of degrees). Jacak says in graduate school she “was interested in the forces inside the nucleus, but what got me really excited was nuclear matter.” The types of experiments done at colliders and accelerators take two or three years to design, then additional years to build, she adds.
Working at national labs, or doing research at their unique, sophisticated facilities, have been constants for the nuclear physicist. She is now designing experiments for a new collider planned for Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) in New York. The Electron-Ion Collider, expected to be finished by 2030, would provide new capabilities for exploring the behaviors of the fundamental particles and forces that bind atomic nuclei together. Despite the long process to build a flagship nuclear facility, Jacak says eventually scientists will have massive data – petabytes (which equals one million gigabytes) of information -- that will lead to hundreds of scientific papers.
Jacak’s work was recognized by the US Department of Energy’s Office of Science in 2019 when she was honored with the Distinguished Scientist Fellow Award. She was one of five scientists from DOE national labs who were inaugural recipients of the award.
An ARCS 2015 Hall of Fame honoree, Jacak was a Northern California Chapter ARCS scholar at University of California, Berkeley in 1975. “I want to thank ARCS. When I was getting started there weren’t many women in science,” she says. The ARCS recognition “told me I could do it.”
She earned her PhD at Michigan State University. Jacak went to Los Alamos National Laboratory for her post-doctoral work, with the lure of an Oppenheimer Fellowship, and stayed there for twelve years in the Physics Division. When a professor position at State University of New York at Stony Brook opened up, Jacak jumped at the opportunity. The campus was in close proximity to Brookhaven, where she was involved with the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. “Nature was kind and provided surprises for us,” she says, referring to the quark gluon plasma discovery. The RHIC collider will be partly integrated with the new collider at Brookhaven.
She describes national laboratories as “incubators for scientific teams. The labs are often called the crown jewels in the US research enterprise, and they really are.”
David Manosalvas-Kjono, ARCS Scholar Alum
Co-Founder and CEO, Aeromutable Corp.
David is an engineer, scientist, and entrepreneur who received his PhD in Aeronautics & Astronautics from Stanford University in 2018. His passion for deep tech and the development of energy-saving technologies to help the environment and the economy led him to his current position as co-founder and CEO of Aeromutable Corp., a trucking tech company bringing aerodynamic solutions for semi-trucks. Aeromutable has received multiple awards, including the Technology Transfer grant from the Stanford TomKat Center for Sustainable Energy, Chain Reaction Innovations US Department of Energy lab embedded entrepreneurship fellowship, first place at the 2020 Cleantech Open Regional pitch competition, and second place in the 2020 Cleantech Open National pitch competition, as well as a National Science Foundation SBIR grant.
David feels fortunate to be working towards developing technology that contributes to decreasing greenhouse gas emissions and increasing the profitability of the trucking industry. He is grateful for the team of amazing people that have contributed to this endeavor: an amazing co-founder, smart and hard-working contractors, and interns, and an incredible group of advisors. Outside of work and research David enjoys spending time with his family, visiting the San Diego Zoo, and exploring other pet and kid-friendly amenities in the San Diego area.
Of his ARCS Scholar Award, David says: “The support from ARCS afforded me the freedom to explore the use of computational tools to better understand the aerodynamic structures and overall behavior of ground vehicles. This unique opportunity allowed me to identify a technological gap in heavy-duty transportation and increased my interest in the industry. ARCS support during my PhD contributed towards my desire to start Aeromutable and helped me increase the impact my PhD research has had.”
David McCollum, ARCS Scholar Alum
Principal Technical Leader, Electric Power Institute (EPRI)
David graduated in 2011 from UC Davis’s Department of Transportation Technology & Policy. His Ph.D. research explored pathways for deep decarbonization of the California, US, and global energy systems with particular emphasis on the synergies and trade-offs of transitioning these systems from fossil fuels to lower-carbon sources -- for example, on the dimensions of energy security, air quality and health, energy poverty, and system costs. His current role is Principal Technical Leader in the Energy Systems and Climate Analysis Group at the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) in Palo Alto , where his research attempts to inform national, regional, and global energy and environmental policies on matters related to, among others, electrification, low-carbon transport, sustainable development goals, and financing needs for the energy system transformation. Before joining EPRI in 2019, he was a Senior Research Scholar with the Energy Program at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Laxenburg, Austria.
Having lived and worked outside the US for much of his post-Ph.D. career, David is happy to have built up an international network of collaborators and friends, and notes that “it is now gratifying to be able to impart a sense of internationalism to my young children, who are already far more worldly than I ever was as a kid.”
Reflecting back on his ARCS award, David says “The ARCS Fellowship provided an important boost to my academic career at a critical time. It allowed me to focus solely on research during the final year of my Ph.D. dissertation, particularly my collaboration with IIASA in Austria. That then led to a full-time research scholar position at IIASA after graduating, a role that was formative for my international research career.”
Dr. Helen E. Fox, ARCS Scholar Alum
Conservation Science Director, Coral Reef Alliance
Dr. Fox, a UC Berkeley ARCS alum, has more than 20 years of experience working at the boundary of science and conservation, with geographic expertise in Indonesia and the Coral Triangle. Her work includes investigating links between marine protected area (MPA) management and governance, ecological impacts, and human well-being. She has received numerous grants and awards, authored more than 40 scientific publications, logged more than 1,000 dives, and once lived underwater for 10 days in the Aquarius habitat.
Dr. Fox did her PhD investigating coral reef recovery and rehabilitation from destructive fishing in Indonesia. She did most of her fieldwork in Komodo National Park, collaborating with the Park authorities and The Nature Conservancy. Blast fishing (homemade bombs that when detonated would kill fish and shatter coral skeletons) was illegal but had been common until stopped with better management, including patrols. Chronic, large-scale blasting had transformed beautiful, complex reefs into flat, mostly lifeless rubble fields. Her research showed how natural coral recovery was prevented by the shifting rubble in the water currents burying or abrading new coral recruits. She also developed low-tech, locally available coral reef rehabilitation options, scaling up the most successful approach.
Of her ARCS experience, Dr. Fox says, “I am so grateful for the ARCS Foundation award: it was my first research grant, and as such was a tremendous help in getting my research in Indonesia started. It allowed me to take my first field trip, develop my hypotheses, set up initial research plots, try out survey methods, and collect pilot data. I am convinced that it was being able to make this initial trip that led to my future funding success, as I received several grants after the ARCS fellowship.”
Nsikan Akpan, ARCS Scholar Alum
Health & Science Editor for New York Public Radio
A 2013 ARCS Scholar and alum of the Science Communication program at the University of California, Santa Cruz, Nsikan is the health and science editor for New York Public Radio. Before joining WNYC, he was a science editor at National Geographic, where he led the science desk's coverage of the COVID-19 pandemic. Prior to that, he worked as the digital science producer for PBS NewsHour, where he co-created the YouTube series ScienceScope. He has also worked for Science Magazine, Science News Magazine, and NPR. His reporting has garnered an AAAS Kavli Science Journalism Award, a George Foster Peabody Award, and an Emmy Award for News & Documentary. Before journalism, he earned a doctorate in pathobiology from Columbia University, where he studied neurological conditions like stroke and Alzheimer's disease. His research pursuits also touched on infectious disease.
Nsikan says, “The ARCS award laid the foundation for all of my professional success. When I applied to the Science Communication program at the University of California, Santa Cruz, I had recently finished my doctorate--in other words, I was fairly broke. I wouldn't have been able to afford the program without ARCS support and my program director Rob Irion, who pushed me to apply. Besides the financial assistance, I enjoyed meeting the other ARCS scholars at the annual banquet and hearing about their amazing science journeys.”
Allison Luengen, ARCS Scholar Alumna
Postdoctoral Researcher, School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences Stony Brook University, NY
"If you’ve been to San Francisco Bay recently, you’ve probably noticed the posted fish consumption advisories. One of the reasons that people are warned to limit their consumption of fish from the San Francisco Bay is the high concentrations of mercury that can be found in some fish, particularly large fish at the top of the food chain.
Despite the high concentrations of mercury in the fish, little is known about how mercury enters the food chain. The first, and most critical step, is the transfer of mercury from water to phytoplankton, which are the microscopic algae at the base of the marine food chain. My current research focuses on this first step, where phytoplankton can concentrate mercury by up to 100,000 times the levels found in the water.
I’m very excited to have the opportunity to study mercury pollution as a postdoctoral researcher. I am currently collaborating with two different research groups, one at Stony Brook University in New York and the other at the United States Geological Survey in Sacramento. Upon completion of my postdoc, I am planning to apply for academic jobs with a combination of teaching and research.
Getting my current position would not have been possible without the support I received along the way. ARCS Foundation supported me as I finished my M.S. in Marine Sciences at the University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC). After completing my M.S., I went on to earn a Ph.D. in Environmental Toxicology, also from UCSC. Those were some challenging years for me, and every bit of support that I received helped me finish graduate school.
Now, as a woman in a male-dominated field, I hope that during my career, I can both make important scientific discoveries and also make the field more accessible to women and other underrepresented groups. By funding scientists as they struggle through graduate school, ARCS Foundation has taken a vital step in this direction. I thank ARCS Foundation for the support that I have received and for making it possible for more people to become scientists."
Jeremiah Tsyporin, University of California, Santa Cruz
“As I enter the final year of my PhD, I am beginning to look for mentors to oversee my post-doctoral training. One of the significant ways I can find a mentor is through the networking opportunities offered at conferences. Without this generous support, these opportunities to share my work with the greater neuroscience community would have been impossible for me. In addition to attending conferences and connecting with neuroscientists worldwide, support from ARCS has helped ease the economic burdens associated with the cost of living in Santa Cruz. Because I don’t have to focus so heavily on dealing with basic needs, I have the freedom to spend more time and mental energy focused on research and intellectual pursuits central to a successful PhD.”
Rachelle Stark, University of California, Berkeley
“I grew up in a low-income community in San Bernardino, California where I directly saw the harsh reality of how diet contributes to many diseases (diabetes, cardiovascular disease, obesity, etc.). These preventable diseases tragically took the lives of many people in my community. For these reasons, doing research related to nutrition/metabolism is extremely important and fulfilling to me. The [ARCS Award] gives me more options for labs because I will not have to rely on the funding of the lab I choose and can instead choose a lab purely based on my research interests. The funding will also give me more time to work on the research that I find so important and fulfilling.”
Katherine Montana, San Francisco State University
“I will be pursuing my master’s degree in integrative biology at San Francisco State University and conducting my research at the California Academy of Sciences. I am thrilled to get started on my research and mentoring projects. … This combination of research activities will offer me the opportunity to build my technical lab skills, storytelling abilities, and capacity to help other students succeed in science. ... I am deeply honored to receive the [ARCS Award] and take great joy in starting graduate school. I thank you for making this possible for me. I am ready to get to work.”
Micah Swann, University of California, Davis
“I’m conducting applied limnological research on the pristine lakes of Northern Patagonia, in collaboration with Fundación Chile Lagos Limpios. This model will be used to investigate how the physics and water quality of these pristine lakes wi1l be impacted by climate change and watershed development over the course of the 21st century. In September 2019, I had my first opportunity to visit Northern Patagonia … but due to Covid-19 safety and travel restrictions, I have not had the opportunity to return to Chile. With your financial support, I will be able to return to the region in January 2022 and continue collecting data to improve the accuracy of the lake model under development.”
Julie Chang, Stanford University
“The ARCS Award will allow me to focus on my PhD studies without worrying about finances. My research focuses on understanding the physics of breast cancer cell migration using 3D hydrogels and time-lapse imaging. The PhD journey itself has been a rollercoaster and I’m excited to finally see the light at the end of the tunnel! After my PhD, I am hoping to land a role as a clinical scientist in the biotech industry in the Bay Area. In this role, I can help analyze and interpret clinical trial data to develop drugs that can cure human diseases. Thank you again for the ARCS award—funding the next generation of scientific thinkers is truly an impactful mission!”
Nicholas Elder, University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)
“I am grateful to earn my degree at UCSF which is world-renowned for its stem cell research. Likewise, it has been a pleasure to be supported by the ARCS Foundation and wider community. Research is a costly endeavor and being awarded this fellowship has given me the time and space to focus on impactful research while also sharing it with an interested group of donors and other scholars. The fellowship has also been a reassurance. This fall, my supervisor announced that he was leaving academia for an industry position. As I searched for a new supervisor and lab in which to complete my research, I knew that I had financial support to ease my transition.”